HBI Stairs Poland
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Wooden Stairs

 

HBI Polish Stairs - Materials

For  production of stairs we use a selected wood which is dried out to the level of  7-10% humidity.
The wooden unedged  boards  which are normally between 300 and 500 mm wide,  4000 mm long and  55 mm thick are sawn to the narrower boards of between 80 and 120 mm width and then laminated back under the high pressure to the bigger boards of which the stairs treads and strings can be cut out. The procedure (sawing to small pieces and then laminating back together) frees the wood from the internal tensions which could cause splitting the wood in the ready product.

The final thickness of treads and strings we achieve after planning and sanding is 42-45 mm compared to the 25 mm of the most typical English stairs. Thanks to the substance and thickness of wood applied in production of our stairs, they constitute  totally self-supporting  constructions. They look perfectly the same from above and from underneath and don’t need  to be boarded from underside like most other typical stair-constructions where you have to hide  different screws, supports and other construction elements.

The stairs can be made of any type of wood depending on the wishes of our customers. The most desired woods are oak, beech, ash, birch, maple and pine.

Birch

European Oak

Beech

Stairs - European Oak Stairs - Beech Stairs - Birch

Pine

Ash

Mahogany

Stairs - Pine

Stairs - Ash

Stairs - Mahogany

Finishing

The perfectly sanded surface of stair parts can be finished on two alternative ways.


The most desired by our customers and recommended by us is oiling and waxing. This is purely ecological and very practical way of preserving and  extracting the natural beauty of the wood.


The finishing oils are the special mixtures for  deep impregnation of the wood made on the base of the linen oil, wood –resins and some natural substances which accelerate their toughening on the surface of wood.

The oil penetrates deep into the wood-structure,  does not make a tight cover but a vapor-transparent layer which effectively prevents wood from water and dirt.  For final finishing,  after putting  the two layers of oil, we use a thin shiny layer of wax .

By applying the different oils we can to a certain extent influence the lightness/darkness of the wood.

Using oil and wax has besides the beauty and esthetical values one more very practical advantage.  This is the very easy maintenance of the stairs  which can be done regularly (e.g. once every two years) by the user of the stairs himself.
The re-oiling and re-waxing the stairs is simple, may take up to 20 minutes and makes the stairs look like a new one even after the long years of  usage.

The other, until recently most popular finishing method for wooden surfaces is varnishing. The 3 layers of varnish we apply constitute a tight cover for any dirt and water. The drawback of even the most advanced varnishes we use is that they  can be irreversibly  destroyed in a contact with tough objects (shoes, tools etc) and they decay after a longer period of time. The renovation of the varnished stairs is very expensive (if done professionally may even exceed the value of the new stairs).

HBI Polish stairs recommends our customers oiling and waxing the stairs acknowledging this method as more ecological, esthetical and practical.

For the customers who still want their stairs to be varnished we can only say we can varnish on the most professional way using the best varnishes.